The Leadbeater's or "fairy possum" is Victoria's iconic faunal emblem. This marsupial lives in ancient tree hollows in Toolangi and the Central Highlands and when fully grown can fit in the palm of a human hand.
The Christmas Island Pipistrelle, Pipistrellus murrayi, has not been declared extinct under the EPBC Act but the species has not been heard or sighted since a team of researchers was sent to Christmas Island in 2009.
The Glossy Black-Cockatoo, Calyptorhynchus lathami, is the smallest of the five black-cockatoos. Populations have declined, with local extinctions and range contraction mainly caused by habitat clearing.
Rewilding is large-scale conservation aimed at restoring and protecting natural processes and core wilderness areas, providing connectivity between such areas, and protecting or reintroducing apex predators and keystone species.